Tea is one of the most beloved drinks or beverages in the world and most people prefer to have green tea. The scientific name of the plant from which black tea is made is Camellia sinensis. The difference between black, green, and white tea is the way they are processed.
During the processing stage, black tea is fermented and oxidized, which gives it the unique color, flavor, and health benefits that are so widely known. On the other hand, green tea and white tea are not fermented.
Black Tea Nutrition Facts
Black tea is rich in antioxidants known as polyphenols and catechins, which help prevent DNA damage and different types of cancers. It also has minimal sodium, proteins, and carbohydrates. According to Boston’s School of Medicine, it reverses the abnormal functioning of blood vessels, which may lead to strokes and other cardiovascular conditions. Black tea also contains caffeine.
Chinese people add sweetening agents, spices, chocolate, or even rare herbs while brewing black tea. In India, milk and sugar are normally added to it. Some people also add various herbs including ginger, cinnamon, cardamom, lemongrass, mulethi or holy basil (tulsi).
Health Benefits Of Black Tea
This amazing tea is known for its curative qualities and other health benefits. Some of them are as follows:
Prevents Cardiovascular Diseases
A regular consumption of black tea can help repair coronary artery dysfunctions in heart patients. Therefore, everyone who drinks it is at a decreased risk of contracting heart diseases.
This tea has a healing effect on intestinal disorders due to the presence of tannins. It is advisable for all diarrhea patients to sip plain, black tea slowly for maximum benefits.
Generally, hot and brewed liquids are known to bring relief to asthmatic conditions. In light of this fact, it is no surprise that black tea is extremely beneficial for asthmatic patients, as it expands the air passage, thereby allowing them to breathe more easily.
Black tea is rich in abundant tannins and other chemicals that have a positive and relaxing effect on the digestive system of the body. This anti-inflammatory quality of the tea is also helpful for curing digestive disorders.
According to a study conducted by the American Heart Association in New Orleans, people who consume black tea can reduce their bad cholesterol levels, which are responsible for heart strokes and fatal attacks. It has also been found that people who drink 3 to 4 cups of black tea every day are at a lower risk for heart problems than those who consume minimal amounts or no tea at all.
Black tea reduces plaque formation as well as restricts bacteria growth that promotes the formation of cavities and tooth decays. Polyphenols found in black tea kill and surpass cavity-causing bacteria as well as hinder the growth of bacterial enzymes that form the sticky-like material that binds plaque to our teeth.
Black tea contains polyphenols, which are also antioxidants that help block DNA damage associated with tobacco or other toxic chemicals. These antioxidants are different from those obtained from fruits and vegetables and therefore as a regular part of our diet they can provide additional benefits towards a healthy lifestyle.
Though a lot more research is required to confidently suggest cancer prevention techniques, some research over the years suggests that antioxidants like polyphenol and catechins in tea may help prevent some types of cancer. It has been suggested that women who drink either black or green tea regularly have a lower chance of ovarian cancer than their counterparts. It also aid women in preventing cancerous growth in the breasts, especially women in the pre-menopausal phase. Tea also assists in raising the level of globulin hormones during the menstrual cycle. The presence of theaflavins in black tea destroys abnormal cells in the body before they cause any major damage or change into cancerous cells.
Thus, you can see that drinking this type of tea is equally beneficial for health as drinking green tea. Almost 80% of humans consume black tea. It is readily available and you can choose from hundreds of flavors and mixtures on the market. If you go anywhere in the world, you are sure to be offered this tea as a stimulating and refreshing beverage.
Recent medical research suggests that the compounds found in black tea, namely theaflavins and thearubigins, are positively loaded with health benefits, in addition to giving the tea its dark color and unique flavor.
It has also been suggested that regular tea drinkers have stronger bones and lower probability of developing arthritis due to the phytochemicals found in tea.
Lower Risk of Diabetes
Based on a research study conducted of elderly people living in the Mediterranean islands it was discovered that people that had been consuming black tea on a long-term basis on a moderate level (i.e 1-2 cups a day) had a 70% lower chance of having or developing type 2 diabetes.
We all are aware and well experienced about the calming and relaxing benefits of black tea. Not only does it help slow you down after a long day, studies show that the amino acid L-theanine found in black tea can help you relax and concentrate better. Black tea has also been shown to reduce levels of the stress hormone cortisol when consumed in moderate amounts on a regular basis.
Better Immune System
Black tea contains alkylamine antigens that help boost our immune response. In addition it also contains tannins that have the ability to fight viruses and hence keep us protected from influenza, stomach flu and other such commonly found viruses in our everyday lives.
Unlike other drinks that have a relatively higher caffeine content, the low amounts found in tea can help enhance blood flow to the brain without over-stimulating the heart. It also stimulates the metabolism and respiratory system, as well as the heart and the kidneys.